Tip 1: Pay Attention to Heat Wave Reports
When you check the weather, pay attention to reports of heat waves. A combination of humidity and temperature, heat waves can affect the body temperature dangerously. There are three progressive levels of heat wave indicators to look for:
Excessive Heat Watch : A heat watch indicates that a heat wave may be swelling up, increasing the risk of heat-related health problems. At this point, relocate any outdoor plans you have for the next two days to the indoors.
Excessive Heat Warning: Heat warnings indicate a heat wave is imminent. Seniors should prepare for outages and being homebound for a few days.
Heat Advisory: Once a heat advisory is issued, seniors need to stay inside cool buildings and drink plenty of water. (Red Cross)
Tip 2: Stay Hydrated
One of the best ways to prevent heat-related health problems is simply to stay hydrated. Avoid caffeine, which actually dehydrates the body. Drink 8 glasses of water, fruit juices, and even healthy sports drinks to stay cool and filled up with needed fluid.
Tip 3: Protect Your Skin
You’re never too old to suffer from sunburn. Protect your skin against sunburn and even skin cancer simply by applying sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or more. Wear hats and light clothing too.
Tip 4: Find Cool Places to Spend Time
Air conditioning enables people to enjoy summer comfortably and safely. Some states offer low- income citizens, including many seniors, financial assistance paying energy bills. Another option for staying cool indoors is visiting places with air conditioning, like senior centers, movie theaters, or local libraries. (Benefits.gov)
Tip 5: Avoid Unnecessary Heat Sources
Don’t add heat to everyday living when it’s already hot outside. Take lukewarm or cool showers or baths. Eat cold meals or room temperature foods. Seek transportation help instead of waiting outside for public transit.
Tip 6: Dress for Summer Weather
Light, airy clothing is best in the heat. Tight, dark, thick clothing can be problematic. To ensure comfort in air conditioning and outdoors, dress in easy to remove layers.
Tip 7: Recognize Signs of Heat-Related Emergencies
Being able to spot the signs of a heat-related emergency can save a life. Caregivers and seniors should pay attention to symptoms like:
- Lack of sweat
- Weakness or cramping
- Stomach problems or nausea
- Quickened heartbeat
- Difficulty breathing or shallow breathing
Signs like these can be indicators of dehydration, heat exhaustion, or even heat stroke. If you notice these symptoms, take steps to cool off quickly and seek medical attention. (WebMD)
Tip 8: Know How to Get Cool Quickly
If someone is overheated or begins to show signs of heat-related health problems, get them cool quickly. Getting cool can prevent overheating from becoming a medical problem or reduce the severity of a heat-related emergency. (Family Doctor)
Home Care Tip: Summer is exciting, but it’s also naturally taxing on the body. Stay safe while enjoying outdoor activities by moving slowly, sticking to the shade, and having easy access to water.